There are eight types of visas and permits that provide several travel and immigration options to Canada.
- Express Entry Permanent Residency
- Provincial Nominees Programmes
- Business and Tourist Visa
- Work permit
- Intra-Company Transfer Permit
- Study Permits
- Entrepreneurs and Investors Visa
- Dependents and Family Sponsorship
Express Entry Permanent Residency
The express entry system allows skilled professionals to apply for permanent residency in Canada through a comprehensive points system.
The system is available through the Federal Skilled Workers Programme, the Federal Skilled Trade Programme, the Canadian Experience Class, or the Provincial Nomination Programme.
Provincial Nominees Programmes
The provincial nominees’ programme enables skilled professionals to live in their chosen province, provided their profile meets economic and labour needs.
The programme is run by each province and not the federal government. This enables provinces to select immigrants according to their specific needs.
Business and Tourist Visa
The business and tourist visa (or visitor visa) is for people who want to visit family and friends, see the sights, or attend business meetings or conferences. This particular Canadian visa is valid for up to six months.
Travellers from certain countries are eligible for Electronic Travel Authorisation, which is available through an online application process.
A visitor visa is occasionally required as an entry visa for certain long-term Canadian permits. Often, the visitor visa is issued with the relevant immigration permit, so it’s not necessary to submit a separate application.
In Canada, work permits are employer-specific. Their validity depends on which type of permit you are applying for.
There are two types of short-term work permits: One that is valid for up to 15 consecutive days once every six months One that is valid for up to 30 consecutive days once every year.
Exemptions are available to highly skilled workers under skill type 0 or skill level A. Skill Type 0 comprises managerial positions. Skill Level A covers professional occupations that require an undergraduate or post-graduate qualification.
Applicants must still get an entry visa or electronic travel authorisation, if applicable.
Applicants need a work permit if they are not exempt from short-term work and are entering Canada for long-term work purposes.
There are several types of long-term work permits A work permit in support of an express entry application The Global Talent Stream for specific ICT or STEM jobs. Agriculture Caregivers General applications in the high and low wage stream
Your Canadian immigration specialist will help you determine which stream most applies to your situation.
Long-term work permits are issued for one to three years, depending on the stream, job offer, and individual circumstances.
Can dependent family members accompany the employee to Canada?
Yes. Spouses, life partners, and dependent children can accompany you to Canada either as visitors, to work, or to study. Both applications can be submitted at the same time. They may be eligible for an open work permit (work permit not linked to a specific employer) if you have applied as a skilled worker in an occupation under the National Occupational Classification (NOC) skill type 0, A, or B to work in Canada for six months or longer.
Intra-Company Transfer Permit
The intra-company transfer permit is the most common and accessible of Canadian permits. It enables employees to move within the company to a branch in Canada. Employers needn’t obtain a Labour Market Impact Assessment for this type of Canadian permit. As a result, it provides a quick and easy route to get a work permit in Canada.
The initial Intra Company Transfer Work Permit is generally issued for one year but can be renewed for multiple years.
Can dependent family members accompany the employee to Canada?
Spouses, life partners, and dependent children can accompany you to Canada either as visitors, to work, or to study. The application can be submitted at the same time as your application for the work permit and visa.
Can an Intra Company Transfer work permit lead to Permanent Residence?
Yes. After you’ve worked in Canada for at least one year, you can transition into the Express Entry Programme for Permanent Residence through the Canadian Experience Class or one of the Provincial Nominee Programmes.
A study permit allows students to complete a field of study or programme at a designated educational institution in Canada. Students must have been accepted to their higher education institution of choice before they can apply for a study permit.
Students must prove they have sufficient funds to cover their study fees, living expenses, and return travel to their home country or country of residence. They must genuinely intend to leave Canada when their studies are complete.
Study permits are valid for the duration of the course or programme. There are an additional 90 days that provide prep time to leave Canada. The 90 days also allow you to apply for an extension.
Students can only work if the permit states they can work on- or off-campus.
Typically, students can work off-campus for up to 20 hours a week during the semester and full-time during scheduled holidays or vacations. Students can usually work on campus full-time.
Note: You must be a full-time student enrolled in a post-secondary academic, vocational, or professional programme that leads to a degree, diploma, or certificate.
Note: Spouses, life partners, and dependent children can accompany students as visitors, students, or employees. Their applications can be submitted at the same time as the primary permit holder’s application.
Entrepreneurs and Investors Visa
Entrepreneurs and investors who want to start a business in Canada or invest in an existing business have a range of immigration programmes to choose from. This visa provides a path to permanent residence.
Applicants can obtain a visa and permanent residence permit via the start-up visa programme. The Canadian government wants to attract entrepreneurs who will establish innovative businesses in the country, stimulate the economy, and create jobs for Canadians.
Contact us to help you determine which provincial nomination programmes are linked to investment and net wealth requirements.
Dependents and Family Sponsorship
Spouses, life partners (including same-sex partners), and dependent children (up to 22) can get a Canadian visa to accompany the primary visa holder. They can also be included in an express entry application.
Life partners must prove that you have been living together in a conjugal relationship for at least one year.
Spouses and life partners need to apply for work or study permits independently. Spouses and life partners may be eligible for an open work permit, which is not linked to a specific employer or employment contract. This is provided the primary permit holder is a skilled worker employed under the National Occupation Classification (NOC) skill type 0, A, or B, approved to work in Canada for six months or longer.
Canadian citizens and permanent residents can sponsor family members to join them in Canada. The following family members can be sponsored:
- Spouse, partner, and dependent children
- Parents and grandparents
- Orphaned siblings, nephews, nieces, or grandchildren under 18.
You can apply to sponsor other relatives under specific circumstances.